Hope Isn’t Enough to Save the World: Superman in the 21st Century

Over the past 25 years, we have seen narratives across different mediums depict Superman from an ineffective hero to a violent and troubled anti-hero to simply dead. What is the culture’s obsession with doing this to the supposed greatest hero of them all? Are optimism and hope so detached from the 21st century that we must violently suppress these notions to better reflect the harsher reality we inhabit?